Chapter 7: Roman Art
Instructor's Manual


PART ONE: THE ANCIENT WORLD

CHAPTER SEVEN: ROMAN ART

Year

509-27BC

Period

Republican

Key Images

Temple of Fortuna Virillis, p. 158, 7-2-3

Temple of the Sibyl, p. 158, 7-4-5

Sanctuary of Fortuna Primigenia,
   p. 159, 7-6

L’Arringatore, p. 168, 7-25

A Roman Patrician with Busts of His
Ancestors,
p. 169, 7-26

27BC-395AD Empire

Pont du Gard, p. 160, 7-9

The Colosseum, p. 161, 7-10-11

The Pantheon, p. 162, 7-12-13-14-15

The Basilica of Constantine,
   p. 164, 7-16-17-18

Basilica, Leptis Magna,
   p. 165, 7-19-20

Atrium, House of the Silver Wedding,
   166, 7-21

Insula, House of Diana,
   p. 166, 7-22

Market Gate from Miletus,
   p. 167, 7-23

Augustus of Prima Porta,
   p. 170, 7-27

Vespasian, p. 171, 7-29

Trajan, p. 171, 7-30

Ara Pacis, p. 172, 7-31-32-34

Arch of Titus, p. 174, 7-35-36

Column of Trojan, p. 175, 7-37

Apotheosis of Sabina, p. 176, 7-38

Meleager Sarcophagus, p. 176, 7-39

Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius,
   p. 177, 7-40

The Tetrarchs, p. 179, 7-44

Constantine the Great, p. 180, 7-45

Arch of Constantine, pp. 181-2, 7-46-47

Wall paintings from Pompeii,
   Herculaneum, Primaporta,
   pp. 183-188, 7-48 through 54

Portrait of a Boy, from Faiyum,
   p. 189, 7-55

Roman Art

Key Terms/Places/Names

aisle medallion
amphitheater menarah
apotheosis narthex
aqueduct nave
arch niche
atrium oculus
barrel vault patrician
baths peristyle
bay pilaster
Calidarium podium
cella pronaos
Chi Rho peripteral
Circus pseudo peripteral
Coffer Remus
Colonnade Rhea Silva
Collosseum Romulus
concrete rotunda
domus sanctuary
drum sarcophagus
engaged columns springing
extrados stadlum
forum tablinum
frigidarium tepidarium
groin vault tetrarchs
haunch thermae
illusionism toga
insula triumphal arch
intrados veneer
  voussoir

Discussion Questions

  1. Discuss how the "Temple of Fortuna Virilis" exemplifies Roman temple design.

  2. Discuss the plan of a typical Roman house.

  3. Discuss the characteristics of a typical Roman basilica. How does the Basilica of Constantine in Rome differ from the standard design?

  4. Compare and contrast Roman portraits of the Republican times with those of Imperial Rome.

  5. What aspects of Roman engineering enabled the Pont du Gard, the Pantheon, and the Colosseum to be constructed? What was the purpose of each of these buildings?

  6. What is meant by the term illusionism and how is it achieved in the Wall Painting from the Villa of Livia at Primaporta?

  7. Roman architecture was both inventive and derivative. How is the Maison Carrée related to both Greek and Etruscan designs? What specific aspects of the design are uniquely Roman?

  8. In what ways do primary sources such as the writings of Pliny the Elder, Vitravius, Plutarch, Vergil, Livy, Polybius, and Dio Cassiu, assist our understanding of the art of the Romans?

  9. How would you characterize changes in Imperial Roman portraiture through the age of Constantine?

Resources

Books

Balsdon, J.P.V.D. Roman Women: Their History and Habits. London: Bodley Head, 1962.

Cary, M. And H.H. Scullard. A History of Rome. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1994.

Christ, Karl. The Romans: An Introduction to Their History and Civilization. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.

Cornell, Tim and John Matthews. Atlas of the Roman World. New York: Facts on File, 1982.

Guilland, Jacqueline and Maurice Guilland. Frescoes in the Time of Pompeii, New York: Potter, 1990.

Kahler, Heinz. The Art of Rome and Her Empire, tr. J.R. Foster. Art of the World. New York: Crown, 1963.

Ramage, Nancy H., and Andrew Ramage. Roman Art: Romulus to Constantine. New York: Abrams, 1991.

Wheeler, Robert Eric Mortimer, Sir. Roman Art and Architecture. World of Art. New York: Oxford University Press, 1964.

Wilkinson, L. P. The Roman Experience. New York: Knopf, 1974.

Videos/CD ROMS

Ancient Civilizations of the Mediterranean. CD-ROM, FFTH.

Ancient Rome. VHS, FFTH. 49 min.

Cyber Rome. VHS, FFTH. 38 min.

Intimate Details of Roman Life. VHS, FFTH. 27 min.

Journey through Ancient Pompeii. VHS, FFTH. 25 min.

Pompeii, City of Painting. VHS, VOA. 12 min.

Pompeii: Daily Life of the Ancient Romans. FFTH. 45 min.

Romans, CD-ROM. FFTH.

The Beginnings: The Greeks and Romans. VHS, FFTH. 24 min.

The Roman Arena. VHS, FFTH. 50 min.


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