Describe what Boxill calls the "equal opportunity principle." Why, according to Boxill, does this principle have "limitations as an egalitarian principle"? Why, in other words, should we not rely exclusively on this principle when we are distributing positions? What principle should we be guided by? Do you agree with Boxill's claim that this latter principle is true? Be sure to explain your answer.
What is the difference between a "backward-looking" argument for preferential treatment and a "forward-looking" one? Describe the "backward-looking" argument Boxill uses. What are the principal objections to this argument? How does Boxill respond to them?
Describe the "forward-looking" argument Boxill uses to defend preferential treatment. What are the principal objections to this argument? How does Boxill respond to them?